象犭桕圉 磬篦睇 耱囹彘.
项溴腓螯:
朽玟咫: 义蹴桕, 蓐铍钽
朽珈妁屙 25.05.2015. 项耠邃 镳噔赅: 16.06.2015.

劳浪惹 信桥新温 萃判门胰着咽日 汤遗腥浪芡壅 信延醒温 遗胀嗡蚊茸叛嗜 闲沃叛牙 闲稳锹文岩吕 岩形纫潘芡壅 汤遗腥浪温

锑赅痤忄 烹屙 锣脲瘘邂磬

族痦铎铕耜栝 泐耋溧瘃蜮屙睇 箜桠屦耔蝈 桁. 襄蝠 填汨臌,

耱囵 镳屣钿噔囹咫

朽澉屙觐 .., 漕牝铕 蝈蹴梓羼觇 磬箨, 镳铘羼耦, 袜鲨铐嚯 箜桠屦耔蝈 觐疣犭羼蝠铄龛, 赅翦漯 疱麴彐屦圉梃 觐礓桷桀龛痤忄龛, . 丸觐豚邂, 雨疣桧


理眍蜞鲨:
物桉噱蝰 镳桁屙屙桢 耋耱怏桴 疱珏疴钼 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃钼 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐 镳铞羼皴, 鬣耱眍耱 钺疣犷蜿 镟痤, 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼. 皱朦 桉耠邃钼囗 - 镳钼羼蜩 囗嚯桤 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦 耦怵屐屙睇 戾蝾漕 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 鲥朦 恹怆屙 疱珏疴钼 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃钼. 疱珞朦蜞蝈 桉耠邃钼囗 篑蜞眍怆屙, 黩 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼覃 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 桁妣 珥圜栩咫 忸珈铈眍耱 篁桦桤圉梃, 鬣耱眍耱 镱怛铕眍泐 桉镱朦珙忄龛 蝈镫铗 铗疣犷蜞眄钽 镟疣 铗躅 汔珙. 朽耨祛蝠屙 矬蜩 觐祜脲犟眍 篁桦桤圉梃 蝈镫铗 铗疣犷蜞眄钽 镟疣 铗躅 汔珙 钺羼镥麒忄 耋耱忮眄铄 耦牮帙屙桢 礤 蝾朦觐 恹狃铖钼 觐蝈朦睇, 眍 疣聃钿钼 忸潲. 锐镱朦珙忄龛 铗疣犷蜞眄钽 镟疣 赅麇耱忮 蝈镫铐铖栩咫 镳邃腩驽眄 戾蝾溧扈 镱玮铍弪 耦牮囹栩 疣聃钿 镟疣 忸 怵屐 蝈镫钼铋 钺疣犷蜿 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼. 岭嚆钿囵 镱怛铕眍祗 桉镱朦珙忄龛 镟疣 钺羼镥麒忄弪 蜞赕 


Abstract:
Describes the use of existing reserves of energy and material resources in the process, particularly steaming, production of building materials. The purpose of the study - an analysis of the technological processes of modern methods of construction materials in order to identify the reserves of energy and material resources. The study found that the production processes of building materials have large possibilities to utilize, in particular the reuse of the waste heat of flue gas and steam. The ways of comprehensive utilization of waste heat steam and flue gas provide a substantial reduction in emissions, not only boilers but also the cost of water. Using the exhaust steam as a coolant proposed methods can reduce steam consumption during heat treatment of construction materials. By reusing the pair is also provided savings of water resources for its production. In general, the methods significantly increase the energy efficiency and environmental safety of the production of buildi


孰邂 耠钼:
屦沐蜩麇耜桢 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃; 疱珏疴; 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼; 镳铊玮钿耱忸 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼

Keywords:
energy and material resources; reserves; production process; production of construction materials


幽 666.97.035.5

骡邃屙桢

橡铊玮钿耱忸 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 桉镱朦珞弪 珥圜栩咫 钺禧 爨蝈痂嚯 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 疱耋瘃钼. 悟 箴钼 箫疣怆屙 疱耋瘃囔, 邈 觐铕滂磬鲨 镳铞羼耦 镳铊玮钿耱忄 玎忤 铖眍忭 镱赅玎蝈腓 溴蝈朦眍耱 溧眄 镳邃镳蜩 - 恹镱腠屙桢 镫囗 疱嚯桤圉梃, 痤耱 镳铊玮钿栩咫铖蜩 蝠箐, 耥桄屙桢 皴徨耱铊祛耱 镳钿箨鲨, 篑觐疱龛 钺铕圜桠噱祛耱 钺铕铗睇 耩邃耱. 漯筱铋 耱铕铐, 翦牝桠眍耱 桉镱朦珙忄龛 疱耋瘃钼 怆弪 珥圜栩咫铋 耱屣屙 磬 铍钽梓羼牦 徨珙镟耥铖螯 镳铊玮钿耱忄 [1].

疱龛 忸镳铖 镱腠铞屙眍 钺羼镥麇龛 镳邃镳蜩 礤钺躅滂禧扈 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃囔 翦牝桠眍 桴 桉镱朦珙忄龛, 觐蝾瘥 蝠遽箦 眍痨嚯 躅 镳铊玮钿耱忮眄钽 镳铞羼襦, 犷朦 珥圜屙桢 桁邋 桴 囗嚯桤 磬 耱噤 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 [1].

 锑蝈痂嚯 玎蝠囹 玎龛爨 珥圜栩咫 箐咫 忮 耱痼牝箴 皴徨耱铊祛耱 镳钿箨鲨 疣聃钿钼 镳邃镳蜩 鲥腩 (铗 60% 漕 75% 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 铗疣耠 铐铎桕), 镱铎 桉耠邃钼囗桢 爨蝈痂嚯 玎蝠囹 溧朦礤轼邋 恹怆屙桢 疱珏疴钼 桴 耦牮帙屙桢 祛驽 耋耱忮眄 镱怆螯 磬 翳磬眈钼 镱赅玎蝈腓 溴蝈朦眍耱 镳铎脲眄钽 镳邃镳蜩, 蜞赕 耋耱忮眄 箪屙栩 怆龛 磬 铌痼驵簋 耩邃 [1].

理嚯桤 镱耠邃龛 桉耠邃钼囗栝 矬犭桕圉栝.

理嚯桤 镱耠邃龛 桉耠邃钼囗栝 矬犭桕圉栝 镱玮铍弪 皲咫囹 恹忸, 黩 铗 蝾泐, 磬耜铍 翦牝桠眍 镳邃镳蜩 箫疣怆弪 疋铊扈 疣聃钿囔, 玎忤 邈 疣玮栩桢 篑镥. 洋耱忮眄 怅豚 疣琊噌铗牦 镳钺脲 箫疣怆屙 玎蝠囹囔 皲咫嚯 蜞觇 玎痼徨骓 篦屙, 赅 . 蓓蝾龛, 逆. 需, .. 疹痦沭屙, 逆. 灶耱屦 漯. 理嚯钽梓睇扈 忸镳铖囔 玎龛爨腓顸 痤耨栝耜桢 耧弼栲腓耱 . . 理囗桧, . . 泥龛腩麝桧, .. 隋徨溴, . . 吗筢脲怦觇, 蜞赕 铗鬻羼蜮屙睇 篦屙, 耩邃 觐蝾瘥 . . 灭妁嚓, .. 署篁 .., 暑鳋徉, .. 填磬, .. 袜镟漕怦赅 漯. 矬犭桕圉 箨噻囗睇 噔蝾痤 礤漕耱囹铟眍 箐咫弪 忭桁囗 爨蝈痂嚯 玎蝠囹囔 赅 襦祛耱蝈朦眍 钺牝 桉耠邃钼囗, 痤朦 觐蝾瘥 怆弪 恹溧桁 镱恹龛 翦牝桠眍耱 溴蝈朦眍耱 镳铎脲眄钽 镳邃镳蜩 [1].

理嚯桤铎 玎蝠囹 爨蝈痂嚯 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 疱耋瘃钼 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 玎龛爨腓顸 署钼 .., 橡圊钼龛 .., 橡桁嚓 .., 拎腧疱磬 . ., 耱嚯桧耜钽 .., 凄犷 ..

象蜩 镱怛铕眍泐 桉镱朦珙忄龛 铗疣犷蜞眄铋 噔蝾觌噔圊 镟瘥 潆 蝈痨铑狃噌铗觇 觇痫梓 疣耨爨蝠桠嚯桉 锣蹴桧 .. 理棂屙觐 .. [3], 锗怅桧 .. [4], 清轸爨眍 .. [5]. 义镫铗 铗疣犷蜞怿邈 镟疣 祛骓 桉镱朦珙忄螯 潆 磬沭邂 镨蜞蝈朦眍 忸潲 觐螂钼 忸潲 耔耱屐 铗铒脲龛 玎忸漶觇 镱戾龛 [3, 4].

皱朦 桉耠邃钼囗 怆弪 皲咫囹 囗嚯桤 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦 耦怵屐屙睇 戾蝾漕 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 鲥朦 恹怆屙 疱珏疴钼 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃钼.

 

如腩驽龛 铖眍忭钽 爨蝈痂嚯.

项桉 疱珏疴钼 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃钼 鲥脲耦钺疣珥 铖簌羼蜮螯 觐祜脲犟睇 矬蝈 磬 怦艴 耱噤 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 耱痤栩咫钽 爨蝈痂嚯 潆 镱恹龛 屦沐蜩麇耜铋 翦牝桠眍耱 铍钽梓羼觐 徨珙镟耥铖蜩 镳铊玮钿耱忄.

镳铊玮钿耱忮, 鬣耱眍耱 汶桧眍泐 觇痫梓, 潆 桉牦耨蜮屙眍 耋 镳桁屙 蝈镫 铗疣犷蜞眄钽 镟疣, 镱塍鬣 铗 钺骅汔 觇痫梓, 礤觐蝾瘥 耠篦 蝈镫 潲祛恹 汔珙. 蝮眄咫 赅戾痦 耋腙圊 疱珏疴铎 铐铎梃 蝈镫钼铋 屦汨 祛驽 猁螯 蝈镫 铗疣犷蜞眄 汔珙, 铗忸滂禧 麇疱 铗躅 赅磬 觐眦 耋 觇痫梓. 义镫 桴 汔珙 蜞赕 镳 桉耠邃钼囗 桴 铍钽梓羼觐 徨珙镟耥铖蜩 祛骓 桉镱朦珙忄螯 [].

署铎 镳铞羼襦 耋, 镳铊玮钿耱忮 汶桧眍泐 觇痫梓 镳铊聃钿栩 恹骅汔龛 磬镱朦睇 觐朦鲥恹 镥鬣. 疱珞朦蜞蝈 钺骅汔 汶桧眍泐 觇痫梓 钺疣珞 蝾镱黜 汔琨, 镱镟溧桢 囹祛耵屦 铟屙 恹耦觐 蝈祜屦囹箴铋. 琼圜栩咫铄 觐腓麇耱忸 蝈镫 蝈弪 徨 忸珈铈眍泐 桉镱朦珙忄龛. 亦, 蝈祜屦囹箴 潲祛恹 汔珙 觐朦鲥恹 镥鬣 钺骅汔 耦耱噔弪 150-200 0 [族痦怦觇閉.

喻栩 珥圜栩咫 玎蝠囹 蝾镫桠 耋腙圊 镥鬣 钺骅汔, 玎 聍弪 桉镱朦珙忄龛 蝈镫 铗疣犷蜞眄 汔珙, 忸珈铈眍 耦牮帙屙桢 蝾镫桠 怵邃睇 恹狃铖钼 铌痼驵簋 耩邃.

 篷腓 疣耨祛蝠弪 聃屐 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耔腓赅蝽钽 觇痫梓, 蝾 祛骓 恹溴腓螯 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼 镳铊玮钿耱忄 桤忮耱 赅麇耱忮 疱珏疴 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃钼 镳铊玮钿耱忄. 橡铞羼 怅膻鬣弪 礤耜铍 耱噤栝 耩邃 觐蝾瘥 忄骓铄 戾耱 玎龛爨弪 恹骅汔龛 覃瘘 镥鬣.

袜栳铍邋 疣耧痤耱疣礤眄 躜睇 镥疱覃镯 镥麒, 觐蝾瘥 蝠遽簋 扈龛爨朦睇 玎蝠囹 蝾镫桠, 镳铖螓 耧塍囹圉梃, 桁妣 戾睃 镱蝈痂 蝈镫. [暑爨, . 63].

武磬觐 蜞觇 镥麒 桁妣 礤漕耱囹觇 - 蝾镫桠 胥铕噱 耩邃 爨蝈痂嚯, 桤忮耱 玎沭珥弪 珙腩 赅麇耱忸 爨蝈痂嚯 耥桄噱蝰, 镳铞羼 钺骅汔 铖簌羼蜮弪 礤疣忭铎屦眍.

吗帙囹咫 镥麒 钺羼镥麒忄 觐祜嚓蝽铖螯 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 聃屐, 镱玮铍桴 噔蝾爨蜩玷痤忄螯 镳铞羼 耥桤栩 赅镨蜞朦睇 玎蝠囹 磬 耱痤栩咫蜮. 橡铊玮钿栩咫铖螯 桴 2 ... 4 疣玎 恹, 麇 躜睇 镥麇.

蝾 驽 怵屐 桉镱朦珙忄龛 怵帙帼躐 镥麇 疋玎眍 镱恹眄 玎蝠囹囔 蝾镫桠, 钺篑腩怆屙睇扈 镱蝈扈 蝈镫铗 桉躅漤 汔玎扈 [暑爨, .64].

橡铊玮钿耱忸 桤忮耱 疋玎眍 礤 蝾朦觐 镱恹眄 玎蝠囹囔 蝾镫桠 镱蝈扈 蝈镫铗, 眍 恹狃铖囔 玎沭珥桴 忮耱. 务眍忭 桉蝾黜桕囔 恹溴脲龛 玎沭珥桴 忮耱 镳铞羼皴 镳铊玮钿耱忄 桤忮耱 怆弪 狍痱 桤忮耱赅 筱, 箸臌 玎沭箸觇 疣玢痼珀 镥麒, 蜞赕 襦爨 珙磬 钺骅汔 桤忮耱赅. 佯邃 恹狃铖钼 玎沭珥桴 忮耱 祛骓 恹溴腓螯 珙塍 筱铍簋, 赅朦鲨 铌耔, 囗汨漯桎 皴痦桉螓, 铌桉 筱脲痤溧, 噻铗 滂铌耔 (橡铄牝, 蜞.). 蒡 忮耱忄 镱镟溧 铌痼驵簋 耩邃 玎沭珥桴 囹祛耵屦睇 忸玟篚 镱麾.

义镫 铗疣犷蜞眄 汔珙 铗 镥麇 钺骅汔 桤忮耱 赅麇耱忮 疱珏疴 爨蝈痂嚯 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 疱耋瘃钼 祛骓 桉镱朦珙忄螯 磬 漯筱铋 耱噤梃 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耔腓赅蝽钽 觇痫梓, 蝾 麒耠 磬 耱噤梃 蝈镫钼铋 钺疣犷蜿 耱痤栩咫钽 爨蝈痂嚯 噔蝾觌噔圊.

义痨铑狃噌铗赅 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 蝈镫钼 嚆疱汔蜞, 鬣耱眍耱 噔蝾觌噔圊 怆弪 屦泐屐觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦. 疋玷 麇 忸镳铖 铐铎梃 镟瘥 镳桀狃弪帼 铖钺簋 嚓蝮嚯铖螯.

锣蹴桧 .. 理棂屙觐 .. [35] 疣耨祛蝠屙 矬蜩 忸玮疣龛 铗疣犷蜞怿邈 镟疣 镳铊玮钿耱忸. 棱蝾瘥 聍栩帼, 黩 蜞觇 钺疣珙 漕耱桡噱蝰 铐铎 镟瘥 镱恹弪 氏 觐蝈朦眍. 噔蝾觌噔 噔蝾觌噔 镟痼 镥疱矬耜帼 溻箪 耧铖钺囔: 镳 沐痨弪桤桊钼囗眍 噔蝾觌噔 镳桢祉桕, 桦 铗牮铎 忮眚桦 磬 爨汨耱疣腓 恹矬耜 囹祛耵屦.

橡 镥疴铎 耧铖钺 礤 耦玟噱蝰 镳铗桠钿噔脲龛 镱镟溧龛 镟疣 桤 噔蝾觌噔-桉蝾黜桕 玎戾潆弪. 项耜铍 怵屐 镳铒篑赅 钽疣龛麇 邈 玎赅眵桠帼 镳 噌耦膻蝽铎 溧怆屙梃 0,4-0,5 滔 噔蝾觌噔-桉蝾黜桕 0,3-0,4 滔 噔蝾觌噔-镳桢祉桕. 如溴腓 噔蝾觌噔 -锐蝾黜桕 铛豚驿帼蝰 蝈祜屦囹箴 174,5 ° 漕 140 ... 150 ° 铖蜞弪 珥圜栩咫 玎镟 蝈镫铗. 橡 怛铕铎 耧铖钺 镥疱 玎牮桢 玎沭箧屙眍泐 噔蝾觌噔-镳桢祉桕 铗牮帼 忮眚桦 磬 镟痤恹矬耜眍泐 爨汨耱疣腓 囹祛耵屦. 项耠 麇泐 磬麒磬 镱溧忄螯 镟 桤 噔蝾觌噔-桉蝾黜桕. 泥怆屙桢 噔蝾觌噔-镳桢祉桕 镳嚓蜩麇耜 铖蜞弪 疣忭 囹祛耵屦眍祗. 橡 潆栩咫铎 镳铒篑赅 溧怆屙桢 噔蝾觌噔-桉蝾黜桕 祛骓 漕忮耱 漕 囹祛耵屦眍泐, 眍 篦栩 钽疣龛麇眄铄 怵屐 镳铒篑赅 汨漯噔腓麇耜铄 耦镳铗桠脲龛 疱牦镥疣鲨铐睇 耔耱屐, 镳铒篑 祛骓 漕忮耱 漕 噌耦膻蝽钽 溧怆屙 0,15-0,2 滔 噔蝾觌噔-桉蝾黜桕. 义祜屦囹箴 桤溴腓 镳 铎 耥桄噱蝰 漕 110-120 ° . 项耠 钽 镳铒篑 镳尻疣 噔蝾觌噔-镳桢祉桕 磬麒磬 镱溧忄螯 镟 镟痤怙篑觏铋 爨汨耱疣腓, 铖蜞蝾黜簋 镟痼 桤 噔蝾觌噔-桉蝾黜桕 桦 恹矬耜帼 囹祛耵屦, 桦 铗矬耜帼 麇疱 篁桦桤囹铕 镱蝠遽栩咫 龛珀-镱蝈眦栲朦眍 蝈镫铗.

项 溧眄 锣蹴桧 .. [35], 桉镱朦珙忄龛 耧铖钺 镳铒篑赅 镟疣 桤 噔蝾觌噔 噔蝾觌噔 镳 铗牮铎 忮眚桦 磬 腓龛 恹矬耜 镟疣 囹祛耵屦 镱恹弪 翦牝桠眍耱 疱牦镥疣鲨 镳桁屦眍 溻 疣玎 镱 耩噔礤龛 耦 耧铖钺铎 镳铒篑赅 镳 沐痨弪桤桊钼囗眍 噔蝾觌噔. 橡铒篑 镟瘥 钿眍 噔蝾觌噔 漯筱铋 镱玮铍弪 蝈铕弪梓羼觇 磬 23% 耦牮囹栩 疣聃钿 镟疣 磬 玎忄痂忄龛 觇痫梓. 橡嚓蜩麇耜 镱 溧眄 镳钼邃屙睇 磬 玎忸溧 蝈镫铗艴龛麇耜桴 桉稃蜞龛, 铐铎 镟疣 镳 镳铒篑赅 邈 沐疱戾蜩珙忄龛 噔蝾觌噔-镳桢祉桕 漕耱桡噱 10-16% [35].

项 溧眄 锗怅桧 .. [36], 箐咫 疣聃钿 镟疣 箪屙帼蝰 玎 聍弪 镳铒篑赅 镟瘥 噔蝾觌噔 噔蝾觌噔. 橡铒篑 镳铊聃钿栩 漕 蝈 镱, 镱赅 溧怆屙桢 镟疣 噔蝾觌噔 耥桤栩 漕 0,25-0,35 滔. 袜  篚钿栩 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 磬鬣朦眍泐 溧怆屙 镟疣 镳桁屦眍 0,5-0,75 . 相疣, 镥疱矬耜噱蝰, 磬沭邂噱 覃疱 漯筱铎 噔蝾觌噔, 镱漤桁噱 溧怆屙桢 礤 漕 0,15-0,25 滔 蝈 襦禧 耥桄噱 疣聃钿 镟疣 桤 觐蝈朦眍. 项 溧眄 锗怅桧 .. [36], 铐铎 镟疣 镳 铎 耦耱噔弪 20-25%. 亦赕 潆 钺羼镥麇龛 忸珈铈眍耱 镳铒篑赅 镟疣 礤钺躅滂祛, 黩钺 玎沭箸赅 噔蝾觌噔 覃瘀铎, 疣玢痼珀 觇痫梓 疱骅 邈 玎忄痂忄龛 镳铊聃钿桦 耱痤泐 镱 沭圄桕. 央邃箦 铗戾蜩螯, 黩 疱泱痦 镳铒篑 镟瘥 忸珈铈屙 镳 磬腓麒 磬 玎忸溴 礤 戾礤 蜩 噔蝾觌噔钼. 相痼 噔蝾觌噔 镱耠 耥桄屙 溧怆屙 漕 0,25-0,35 滔 祛骓 桉镱朦珙忄螯 疣珉梓睇扈 耧铖钺囔.

镳铞羼皴 疣犷螓 噔蝾觌噔钼 桤 龛 箐嚯 泐麒 觐礓屙襦, 镱耠 镳铒篑赅 - 镟 龛珀钽 溧怆屙 [36]. 暑礓屙襦 钺疣珞弪 疱珞朦蜞蝈 觐礓屙襦鲨 镟疣 磬 耱屙赅 噔蝾觌噔 镱忮瘐眍耱 桤溴腓. 谚耱屐 襻痤襦 觐礓屙襦蜞 桤 噔蝾觌噔 磬 镳邃镳蜩 恹徼疣 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 觐眈蝠箨鲨 爨汨耱疣腓 恹躅漤 镟疣戾蝠钼 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺铕彡. 诣镨黜 聃屐 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿 觇痫梓 镳邃篑爨蝠桠噱 襻痤 觐礓屙襦蜞 蝈麇龛 5 ... 10 扈. 镳 篑腩忤 漕耱桄屙 噔蝾觌噔 溧怆屙 0,2 滔 [35]. 暑礓屙襦 鬣耱梓眍 桦 镱腠铖螯 祛驽 猁螯 桉镱朦珙忄眍 镱耠 铟桉蜿 磬 镥疴梓眍 桦 鬣耱梓眍 筲豚骓屙桢 耔腓赅蝽铋 耢羼, 蜞赕 潆 铗铒脲龛 玎忸溧.

相 龛珀钽 溧怆屙 鲥脲耦钺疣珥 桉镱朦珙忄螯 潆 镱漕沭邂 骅忤朦眍 忸潲, 桉镱朦珞屐铋 觐蝈朦眍 磬 漯筱桢 眢驿 镳邃镳蜩. 碾 钽 桉镱朦珞 蝈镫铑犰屙眢 篑蜞眍怅 - 觐蝈 篁桦桤囹铕 蜩镟 忸漕沭彘眍泐. 亦赅 篑蜞眍怅 镳邃耱噔弪 耦犷 耱嚯铋 鲨腓礓, 觐蝾痤 疣珈妁屙 珈邋忤 桤 耱嚯 蝠筢. 项 蝠筢囔 镱溧弪 忸溧 潆 镱漕沭邂, 铗疣犷蜞眄 镟 桤 噔蝾觌噔 镱镟溧弪 觐蝈 篁桦桤囹铕 [35]. 氰祛 桉镱朦珞 蜞赕 蝈镫 铗 耱屙铌 噔蝾觌噔钼 潆 镱漕沭邂 忸玟篚 耦玟囗 蝈镫钼 玎忮 囫镨疣鲨铐睇 耔耱屐圊 [36].

   清轸爨 .. [2] 蜞赕 聍栩噱, 黩 钿龛 桤 耋耱忮眄 疱珏疴钼 铐铎梃 蝈镫钼铋 屦汨 怆弪 怛铕梓眍 桉镱朦珙忄龛 铗疣犷蜞眄钽 镟疣. 碾 钽 礤钺躅滂祛 磬 镳邃镳蜩 镳邃篑祛蝠弪 镳铒篑 铗疣犷蜞怿邈 镟疣 噔蝾觌噔 噔蝾觌噔.

亦 疣聃钿 镟疣 磬 磬沭邂 噔蝾觌噔, 纛痨 忄泐礤蝾 镳 汨漯铗屦爨朦眍 钺疣犷蜿 觐扈痍钼钺弪铐龛 桤溴腓, 镱 溧眄 清轸爨磬, 耦耱噔 25% [2]. 青 聍弪 耥桄屙 戾蜞腚铄礻铖蜩 纛痨, 箅篦龛 蝈镫铊珙鲨 噔蝾觌噔钼 桴 祛骓 耥桤栩.

秧桄屙桢 镱蝈瘘 镟疣 (蝈镫) 磬 磬沭邂 忸潲 桤溴腓 镱蝈瘘 蝈镫 镳 恹矬耜 觐礓屙襦蜞 忸珈铈眍 矬蝈 铒蜩扈玎鲨 纛痨钼铟眍 怆噫眍耱 镱恹龛 蝈祜屦囹箴 麇桉蝾泐 徨蝾磬 镥疱 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿铋, 箪屙屙桢 钺爨 觐礓屙襦蜞 钺羼镥麇龛 邈 镱耱眄钽 铗忸溧.

碾 耦牮帙屙 镳钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿 镳邃豚汔 疱骅禧 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿, 觐蝾瘥 镳邃篑爨蝠桠帼 箐嚯屙桢 忸玟篚 桤 噔蝾觌噔 矬蝈 邋 镳钿筲觇 镟痤. 亦赅 戾疣 钺羼镥麒忄弪 祛痦, 礤 祛脲牦痦 蝈镫铒屦屙桉, 觐蝾瘥 桁邋 桁邋 戾耱 镳 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿 徨 镳邃忄痂蝈朦眍 镳钿筲觇 - 箐嚯屙桢 忸玟篚.

橡钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿 祛驽 猁螯 漕镱腠栩咫 耦牮帙屙 玎 聍弪 犷脲 镱腠钽 箐嚯屙 忸玟篚 桤 噔蝾觌噔 桤溴腓 镳 桉镱朦珙忄龛 镳钿筲觇 忪羼蝈 忄牦箪桊钼囗桢. 碾 钽 镱耠 矬耜 镟疣 噔蝾觌噔 麇疱 5-10 扈眢, 觐沅 溧怆屙桢 漕耱桡噱 0,005-0,01 滔, 怅膻鬣弪 忄牦箪-磬耦 蝈麇龛 30-40 扈眢 铖簌羼蜮弪 镳钿筲赅 忄牦箪桊钼囗桢. 项耠 铗觌屙 忄牦箪-磬耦襦 镳钿筲赅 漕 祛戾眚, 觐沅 溧怆屙桢 噔蝾觌噔 漕耱桡噱 0,05 滔. 项耠 麇泐 磬麒磬弪 镟痤恹矬耜眍泐 忮眚桦 铖簌羼蜮弪 镱潸屐 溧怆屙 漕 疣犷麇泐 溧怆屙 蝈麇龛 1-1,5 . 橡桁屙屙桢 镳钿筲觇 忄牦箪桊钼囗桢 镱玮铍弪 礤 蝾朦觐 磬 1 ... 2 . 耦牮囹栩 钺 镳钿铍骅蝈朦眍耱 噔蝾觌噔眍 钺疣犷蜿, 嚯脲 箪屙栩 漕 10% 疣聃钿 镟疣 [2].

扬铖钺 溻铋眍泐 镳铒篑赅 铖簌羼蜮弪 镳 磬腓麒 礤 戾礤 忸顸扈 噔蝾觌噔钼 溧弪 忸珈铈眍耱 颀觐眍扈螯 漕 40% 蝈镫 [35]. 噔蝾觌噔 1 镥疱矬耜帼 镟痼 噔蝾觌噔 2,  怵屐 噔蝾觌噔 3 忄牦箪桊簋. 项耠 耥桄屙 溧怆屙 噔蝾觌噔 1 0,25 滔 礤泐 镱怛铕眍 镥疱矬耜帼 镟痼, 眍 箧 忄牦箪桊钼囗睇 噔蝾觌噔 3. 暑沅 溧怆屙桢 礤 漕耱桡噱 囹祛耵屦眍泐, 噔蝾觌噔 3 镥疱矬耜帼 镟痼 噔蝾觌噔 4, 觐蝾瘥 磬躅滂蝰 磬耱 怵屐 镱 镱腠 溧怆屙桢 ..

          蔓忸潲

蔓镱腠屙睇 囗嚯桤 矬蝈 铐铎梃 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 爨蝈痂嚯 疱耋瘃钼 镳铞羼襦 蝈痨铑狃噌铗觇 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 噔蝾觌噔圊 疋桎弪咫蜮箦 磬腓麒 珥圜栩咫 疱珏疴钼 蝈镫钼铋 屦汨 潆 疱牦镥疣鲨, 蝾 羼螯 忸玮疣龛 镳铊玮钿耱忸. 项桉 蜞觇 疱珏疴钼 忭邃疱龛 篁桦桤圉梃 怛铕梓睇 屦沐蜩麇耜桴 疱耋瘃钼 怆弪 铟屙 忄骓 潆 镳铎脲眄钽 镳邃镳蜩, 镱耜铍 镱恹弪 铍钽梓羼赅 徨珙镟耥铖螯 屦沐蜩麇耜 翦牝桠眍耱 镳铊玮钿耱忄. 埋脲漶蜮桢 钽 鲥脲耦钺疣珥 疣琊噌铗赅 疣鲨铐嚯 矬蝈 桉镱朦珙忄龛 铗疣犷蜞眄钽 镟疣 镳铞羼皴 蝈镫钼铋 钺疣犷蜿 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼 噔蝾觌噔圊 铒蜩爨朦睇扈 铍钽梓羼觇扈 屦沐蜩麇耜桁 镱赅玎蝈扈 镳铊玮钿耱忄.

凌犭桀沭圄梓羼觇 耧桉铌:

1. 令彡 .., 署篁 .. 信桥新 峭绕磐瓦 汤遗胁浪芡日 氯倚酪 闲翁妊宋挛梦 喜南腥岩吕/ http://www.zgia.zp.ua/gazeta/evzdia_4_038.pdf
2. 锣蹴桧 .., 理棂屙觐 .. 橡铊玮钿耱忸 耔腓赅蝽钽 觇痫梓. .: 蔓聒 铍, 1989 .- 200 .
3. 清轸爨 . 如泐蝾怆屙桢 耔腓赅蝽钽 觇痫梓 耔腓赅蝽 麇桉螓 爨蝈痂嚯钼. - .: 羊痤殍玟囹, 1990. - 184 .
4. 暑爨 .. 义蹴铍钽 镳铊玮钿耱忄 耱痤栩咫 爨蝈痂嚯钼. - .: 妈 铍, 1990.- 446 .
5. 橡铄牝 眍痨囹桠钼 镳邃咫 漕矬耱桁 恹狃铖钼 潆 牢 离尻襦礓痤怦觇 玎忸 耔腓赅蝽钽 觇痫梓. - 丸觐豚邂.: 邮欣眯窝倚紊 丸觐豚邂耜铄 铗溴脲龛 了烂形岩形苫, 扬弼栲腓玷痤忄眄 鲥眚 镱 蝈蹴梓羼觐祗 钺耠箧桠囗棹 磬豚潢 钺铕箐钼囗 刃磐阑, 1994 . 77 .
6. 锗怅桧 .. 义蹴铍钽 耔腓赅蝽钽 觇痫梓. .: 羊痤殍玟囹, 1982.- 384
7. 族痦怦觇 .. 橡铊玮钿耱忸 汶桧眍泐 觇痫梓. 如. 2-, 漕. 镥疱疣. ., 羊痤殍玟囹, 1974.




绣鲥礴梃:

5.06.2015, 15:58 绵腙桧 离尻襦礓 藻漕痤忤
绣鲥礴: 磬玮囗桢 礤 耦铗忮蝰蜮箦 耦溴疰囗棹. 理眍蜞鲨 礤 玎觐眵屙 (铠栳赅 觐眦) 蒡 蜩镨黜 囗嚯栩梓羼觇 钺珙 铘铕祀屙 漕腈屙 猁螯 耦铗忮蝰蜮屙眍. 绣觐戾礓箦蝰 矬犭桕圉梃 镱耠 镳桠邃屙 镱漕.



暑祆屙蜞痂 镱朦珙忄蝈脲:

务蜞忤螯 觐祆屙蜞痂


 
 

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